ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE AND ITS CAUSES,EFFECTS,MECHANISM AND PREVENTION
Bhoskar om Narayanrao, Irshad A.Shaikh, Nandkishor B. Bavage, Vidyasagar Gali, Shyamlila B. Bavage, Sangmesh yewange
Antibiotics, Mechanisms, Resistance.
Resistance to antibiotic is biological phenomenon that can be accelerated by variety of factor including human practices .
According to researchers , the resistance to antibiotic is increasing at faster rate than it can be control .since antibiotic resistance can pass from bacterium to bacterium and resistance bacterial infection can pass from person to person .
New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases results in prolonged illness disability and death without effective antimicrobial for prevention and treatment of infection ,medical procedure become very high risk. developing prescription guidelines ,public awareness,quality compliance and monitoring of antibiotics manufactured or dispensed ,public sanitisation,improved hospital infection control are some of the measures to be taken to prevent growing problem of antibiotic resistance.
Antibiotic resistance can cause significant danger and suffering for children and adults who have common infections, once easily treatable with antibiotics. Microbes can develop resistance to specific medicines. A common misconception is that a person's body becomes resistant to specific drugs. However, it is microbes, not people, that become resistant to the drugs.If a microbe is resistant to many drugs, treating the infections it causes can become difficult or even impossible. Someone with an infection that is resistant to a certain medicine can pass that resistant infection to another person. In this way, a hard-to-treat illness can be spread from person to person. In some cases, the illness can lead to serious disability or even death.