The Fantastic Rise of Chinese Economy
Author(s):
Vidushi Gumber, Yukti Shukla
Keywords:
Chinese Government, global economy, economic growth, trade policies, foreign exchange reserves, manufacturer, merchandise trader, import – export.
Abstract
Prior to the initiation of economic reforms and trade liberalization nearly 40 years ago, China maintained policies that kept the economy very poor, stagnant, centrally controlled, vastly inefficient, and relatively isolated from the global economy. Since opening up to foreign trade and investment and implementing free-market reforms in 1979, China has been among the world’s fastest-growing economies, with real annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth averaging 9.5% through 2018, a pace described by the World Bank as “the fastest sustained expansion by a major economy in history.” Such growth has enabled China, on average, to double its GDP every eight years and helped raise an estimated 800 million people out of poverty. China has become the world’s largest economy (on a purchasing power parity basis), manufacturer, merchandise trader, and holder of foreign exchange reserves. This in turn has made China a major commercial partner of the United States. China is the largest U.S. merchandise trading partner, biggest source of imports, and third-largest U.S. export market. The Chinese government has embraced slower economic growth, referring to it as the “new normal” and acknowledging the need for China to embrace a new growth model that relies less on fixed investment and exporting, and more on private consumption, services, and innovation to drive economic growth. China’s growing global economic influence and the economic and trade policies it maintains have significant implications for the United States and hence are of major interest to Congress. While China is a large and growing market for U.S. firms, its incomplete transition to a free-market economy has resulted in economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as industrial policies and theft of U.S. intellectual property.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 153081

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5

Page(s): 519 - 531
Article Preview & Download


Share This Article

Conference Alert

NCSST-2021

AICTE Sponsored National Conference on Smart Systems and Technologies

Last Date: 25th November 2021

SWEC- Management

LATEST INNOVATION’S AND FUTURE TRENDS IN MANAGEMENT

Last Date: 7th November 2021

Go To Issue



Call For Paper

Volume 8 Issue 4

Last Date 25 September 2021

About Us

IJIRT.org enables door in research by providing high quality research articles in open access market.

Send us any query related to your research on editor@ijirt.org

Social Media

Google Verified Reviews

Contact Details

Telephone:6351679790
Email: editor@ijirt.org
Website: ijirt.org

Policies