Oxidative and pharmaceutical properties of saffron (Crocus Sativus)
Shariqah Hijazi, Dr. Rekha Israni
Crocus Sativas, crocetin. Saffron Cultivation, Under Extinction, Decaling Production.
Crocus sativas Linn (Iridaceae) used widely in tropical and subtropical countries for a variety of purposes in both household and for medicinal purposes. the stigmas of the plant are used for they contain a variety of chemical constituents like the crocetin, crocin and other Flavanoids which make them suitable to possess diversified medicinal properties for treating various ailments. In countries like India and other Asian countries Saffron is being used in their traditional medicines from the pre-historic ages. Chemical constituents were studied for their diversified properties and this review focus on the detailed chemical constituents along with the pharmacological properties tested with the plant. Cultivation in Kashmir valley has its historical roots from Iran where world’s largest amount (70 percent) of saffron is cultivated in the country. Jammu & Kashmir having monopoly in the saffron cultivation in India nearly 7.3 percent of world saffron is produced in the State puts India on the third rank in world saffron production. Pampore area of Pulwama district produces almost 75 percent of total share of state. But during recently the area under cultivation, production productivity is on decline with the result the saffron cultivation is under threat in the state due to presence of lot of problems in the sector; on the other influence this sector is means of likelihood of large no of people. Government of India and state government have introduced National Saffron Mission for the rejuvenation and promotion of saffron cultivation in the state. The paper analyses the trends in saffron cultivation in terms of area production and productivity. Through light problems and the threats exists in the cultivation of the saffron in the valley. The information is basically primarily in nature it is collected from the saffron cultivators and mostly qualitative in nature.