|Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology is classified as being disruptive since it has the potential to radically change the utilization of airspace. Most unmanned vehicles are aimed at military applications, yet civilian applications of unmanned aerial vehicle technology could benefit in many areas.
There is an increased interest on the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) with thermal sensing in many areas such as military, disaster, fire protection, wildlife and feral animal monitoring around the world. The thermal sensing describes a novel system which uses a predictive dynamic application that places the UAV ahead of a user, with a low cost thermal camera, a small on board computer that identifies heat signatures of a target animal from a predetermined altitude and transmits that target’s GPS coordinates. These UAVs are equipped variety of sensors that can be used for various applications. The signals from sensors are processed by using arduino and raspberry pi module. LTE, which is a wireless communication, has been used in order to provide controlling for wide ranges.
The ability to generate quantitative remote sensing products by means of a UAV equipped with raspberry inexpensive thermal and multispectral imaging sensors. The low cost and operational ﬂexibility, along with the high spatial, spectral, and temporal resolutions provided at high turnaround times, make this platform suitable for a number of applications, including precision farming or military, where time-critical management is required.
These use independent variation of speed of each rotor to achieve control. By changing the speed of each rotor it is possible to specifically generate a desired total thrust; to locate for the centre of thrust both laterally and longitudinally; and to create a desired total torque, or turning force. These are differing from conventional helicopters, which use rotors that are able to vary the pitch of the blades. At small size quadcopters are with guards that enclose the rotors further, due to their ease of construction and control, quadcopter aircraft are frequently used as amateur.