FLUORIDE CONTAMINATION AND HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF GROUNDWATER RESOURCES OF JABALPUR DISTRICT
Shubhas kumar Shrivas, R. K. Bhatia, Dr. Shailza Verma
Ground Water, HQ, EDI, Health Risk Assessment, Fluoride Concentration, SPADNS.
Water quality deterioration and supply of safe drinking water is a major concern throughout the world. Several types of health problems in Jabalpur district of Madhya Pradesh state are prevailing owing to groundwater as well as surface water quality problems such as high concentration of fluoride, chloride, salinity, TDS, etc. Groundwater with high fluoride concentration (>1.5 mg/L), according to WHO, is affecting more than 260 million people around the world. The objective of this work was to assess the groundwater quality of the district based on Fluoride Concentration, which is the leading factor to continuous deterioration in groundwater quality.
EDI and HQ for the fluoride concentrations have been determined. Health risk assessment on the basis of fluoride concentrations in water, grains, fish and vegetables are calculated and examined. The study demonstrates that groundwater fluoride content of Jabalpur district is totally unsuitable for drinking purposes and is directly or indirectly influenced by geogenic factors and other pollution factors. About 70–75% of the samples analysed show high fluoride content. Remedies have been suggested to prevent further escalation of water quality problems that are needed imperatively for the sustainable development of water resources.