RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOCUS OF CONTROL AND ROLE EFFICACY: A COMPARISON OF MANUFACTURING AND IT ORGANIZATIONS
Rupinder Bir Kaur , Gunmala Suri
Locus of control, Role efficacy, Role making, Role centring, Role Linking
A locus of control orientation is a belief about whether the outcomes of our actions are contingent on what we do (internal control orientation) or on events outside our personal control (external control orientation). Julian B. Rotter (1975) defined "Locus of Control as a theory used in personality psychology that refers to causation as perceived by individuals in response to personal outcomes or other events” . Locus of control is a personality trait related to a person’s belief on the controlling event that causes an outcome. One may tend to believe that outcomes are beyond his/her control –external locus of control or within his/her control –internal locus of control (Alias, Akasah, & Kesot). According to Julian B. Rotter (1975) "locus of control refers to people's very general, cross-situational beliefs about what determines whether or not they get reinforced in life". People can be classified along a continuum from very internal to very external. Role efficacy refers to the ability to produce a desired result or effect. Role efficacy is the potential effectiveness of an individual occupying a particular role in an organization. Role efficacy can be seen as the psychological factor underlying role effectiveness (Pareek, 2005). The present study attempts to find out the relationship between the locus of control and Role efficacy dimensions in selected manufacturing and IT organizations.