Review of �fluoride contamination and health risk assessment of groundwater
Author(s):
Shubhas kumar Shrivas, R. K. Bhatia, Dr. Shailza Verma
Keywords:
Ground Water, HQ, EDI, Health Risk Assessment, Fluoride Concentration, SPADNS
Abstract
Fluoride intake has always been considered a key factor for prevention of dental caries and improvement of public dental health. Fluoride makes the tooth-enamel surface acid resistant by preventing bacterial demineralization and promotes re-mineralization of initial non-cavitated carious lesions. It also shows antimicrobial activity; in low concentrations it prevents bacterial adhesion to tooth structure while in high concentration the fluoride ion is highly toxic to certain oral microorganisms. It becomes imperative to estimate whether fluoride levels in drinking water are within the recommended and accepted levels to prevent dental caries and reduce the risk of dental fluorosis. To our knowledge this is the first study conducted in Central India region to determine the fluoride content in drinking water. Thus, the objective can be summarized as: “To review on Health Risk Assessment due to fluoride concentration in drinking water which include ground and surface water in central India.”
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 147015

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 5, Issue 3

Page(s): 128 - 133
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Volume 6 Issue 2

Last Date 25 July 2019


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