AFFORDABLE SELF SUSTAINING HOUSING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES OF COMPOSITE CLIMATE REGION : A CASE STUDY IN AFGHANISTAN
BABITHA RANI H, C P RAMESH, MAROOF ABDULL BASHIR, Gautham Krishna
Developing Countries are struggling with numerous problems and have comparatively more responsibilities & liabilities than a fully or partially developed Country. Affordable practices and approaches contribute drastically in cost efficiency and balance of a particular development. Construction being a major factor of a country’s overall economy plays a vital role in the same, so affordable housing techniques shall be analyzed and practiced in the proposed thesis. Having the fact in mind that our world is running out of resources and energy and for a developing country to fulfill the same in all the sectors particularly in construction and housing is a heavy burden and hereby is advised to practice sustainability, so Affordable Houses which are self sustained is the main purpose of this thesis. This proposed project is basically concentrated on a case study which is located in Kabul, Afghanistan and is a typical residential dwelling and is a prototype design by the municipality of the country. A series of simulations on this particular structure using the IES-VE Software is performed and the acquired data are analyzed in order to be able to find out the most suitable housing design parameters in the region which eventually will contribute in Affordable and self sustained housing designs in developing countries of composite climate region. A survey has been conducted in the region in which certain facts contributing to the overall outcomes of the project have been evaluated and analyzed and consists data regarding the traditional Heating and Cooling Techniques, Energy and resource consumption and respective costs which contributed to the LCCA of this project. All the necessary data are collected, evaluated and analyzed and designs such as the rain water harvesting design and affordable and self sustained housing designs are optimized and proposed and recommendations for further developmental studies are suggested and the project is then concluded.