Ibsen is often considered the greatest dramatist. He was a controversial but internationally honored writer who changed the direction of the modern stage. As the tide of modern taste has swung against realism, Ibsenís works have increasingly been seen to have more profound implications than their criticisms of social conventions and hypocrisy. There is a close relationship between Ibsenís work and his life. In a letter to his German translator Ludwig Passage, written on 16 June, 1880, he commented: ďEverything I have written has the closest possible connection with what I have lived through, even if it has not been my actual experience; every piece of writing of has for me served the function of acting as a means of finding spiritual release and purification.Ē Thus, for a proper understanding of Ibsenís plays, it is absolutely necessary to have some knowledge of Ibsen, the man.