A REVIEW ON VIABILITY OF THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE AND PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL
Piyush Kumar Verma
Thermal energy storage, Phase change material, Latent heat, Applications, Challenges.
The thermal energy storage is the transitory saving of high-temperature or low-temperature energy to use later. It connects the gap amid the demands and actual energy use. The used thermal storage may include many hours' storage cycles which depend on the systems requirements design. Whereas the output constantly thermal, while the input may be either electrical or thermal. The PCM is a product that saves and releases thermal energy through melting and freezing process. When those material freezing, it will release a large amount of energy in form latent heat of fusion. Conversely, when the material is melted, an equal amount of energy is absorbed from surrounding when it converts from solid to liquid phase. In practice, many research and development activities related to energy have been concentrated on efficient energy use and energy savings, leading to energy conservation. Thermal storage has been characterized as a kind of thermal battery. So this paper emphasized on the capability of thermal energy storage system and its viability.