The analysis of solar based thermal power plant is to analyst renewable energy for getting electrical energy. Energy is available in two different alternatives, non renewable (coal, petroleum, natural gas) and renewable (solar, wind, small hydro) sources. In recent years solar energy has received great deal of attention as an easily utilizable source of renewable energy for providing electricity. Renewable energy sources like solar is indigenous and can help in reducing the dependency on fossil fuels. Solar energy provides a variable and environmental friendly option and national energy security at a time when decreasing global reserves of fossil fuels threatens the long-term sustainability of global economy. The solar energy can be utilized in two ways one is solar photovoltaic and other is solar thermal. Due to this analysis the generation of electricity through solar photovoltaic energy.