With limited finances available, the biggest challenge in the developing countries like India is to provide a complete network of road system, particularly in providing connectivity to remote villages. The cost of road construction using conventional construction materials and methods has been increasing by leaps and bounds year after year. Therefore there is a need to resort to one of the suitable low-cost road construction methods by effectively utilising locally available materials and adopting Soil Stabilization Techniques. Thus the objectives of soil stabilized road construction are: (a) to affect economy in the initial construction cost of the lower layers of the pavement such as subgrade and sub-base course, and (b) possibility to upgrade the pavement structure to higher specification at a later stage by resorting to the stage – construction of the pavement to meet the growing needs of the road traffic. Thus construction of roads using the different Soil Stabilization Techniques proves to be economically viable alternatives to the costly constructions. This paper aims at carrying out an exhaustive review of the principles of the various Soil Stabilization Techniques generally employed in the construction of roads in the context of a country like India.