Design of an Electrical Drive-Train for the Retrofit of a Conventional Auto-Rickshaw into an Electric Auto-Rickshaw
Sesha Gopal S, Saumya Mishra, Swati Naikodi, Manaswi Tiple, Prof. Nagaraj DC
BLDC motor, Drive-train, Electric vehicle, Induction motor drive, Pulse width modulation
In this paper, we discuss about the numerous advantages that electric vehicles possess over conventional fuel combustion vehicles that employ fossil fuels to power them. We also propose the design of an electric auto-rickshaw by performing the retrofit of the already existing conventional auto-rickshaw by removing the mechanical drive-train and replacing it with an electric drive-train. The BLDC motor has been chosen due to its high efficiency, low maintenance and robust nature, after an extensive comparison with the other available motor options. The BLDC motor will be controlled by using hall sensors that help in determining the position of the rotor. The BLDC motor is fed using a PWM modulated inverter. This paper also deals with the design and simulation of a DC-DC buck converter that is used to step down the voltage to the necessary level required by the motor to run.