RESISTANCE TO ANTIBIOTICS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Author(s):
Yagya Dadhich, Neha Minocha
Keywords:
Antibiotic Resistance, Germ Defense, Resistant infections
Abstract
Antibiotics save human and animal lives. Any time antibiotics are used, they can promote to side effects and resistance. There are generally 2 types of antibiotics that work, or they work by mainly 2 ways to stop the infection either they slow down the development of microbes and destroy their ability to generate and reproduce and spread or they kill the bacteria by damaging the bacterial cell walls. The potentiality of the microbes to withstand or resist the effects of an antibiotic is commonly known as antibiotic resistance. The antibiotics are prescribed anonymously throughout the world, and because of this widespread use, the target designed have been altered, in return making the drugs less effective. Antibiotics aren’t useful in viral infections. Antibiotic Resistance is a “one health” problem and associates to the health of people, animals, and the environment. Antibiotic resistance occurs when germs beat the drugs devised to kill them. It does NOT mean the body is resistant to antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is rising to severely high levels in all parts of the world. New resistance mechanisms are appearing and spreading globally, bullying our ability to treat common infectious diseases. A growing list of infections – such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, blood poisoning, gonorrhea, and food borne diseases – are becoming harder, and sometimes impossible, to treat as antibiotics become less effective. When encountered with antibiotics, bacteria, viruses can mutate over time and that may effect their ability to reproduce, genetic changes (mutations) can occur that enable the microbe to survive.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 150356

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 7, Issue 5

Page(s): 204 - 210
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Last Date 25 August 2020

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