PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES FOR NORTH GUJARAT
Author(s):
MAYANKKUMAR KANJIBHAI PATEL, MAYANKKUMAR KANJIBHAI PATEL
Keywords:
Rain water harvesting, Ground water resources, Surface water resources, National water policy, Effective Planning and Management of water, Accurate data and information system, Livelihood, Food security, Sustainable development, ground water, Recharge of ground water.
Abstract
Water is a natural and scarce resource, livelihood, for food security and sustainable development depend on water [N.W.P.-2012]. The rapid rise in urban population, heavy demand of land for commercial and residential development and the heavy dependence on ground water led to over exploitation. Rainfall is the main source of ground water recharge, and the water table normally rises in response to rainfall in particular period. This relation has been changing because of the reduction in the number of water bodies which led to rapid decline of ground water level and drying up of shallow wells/bore wells in many parts of north Gujarat. The security of our water future depends on how we utilize & save our water resources today. This will require concerted effort on the legal, policy, regulatory and institutional front for better managements and efficient usage of water. Accurate data and information systems are key to effective planning and management of water. Appropriate valuation of water uses will be necessary to design and promote demand management, recycling of waste water, rain water harvesting and also to deter the polluting of water bodies. Extensive awareness and education program need to be undertaken in parallel. A mass awareness program supplemented by appropriate technologies, policies, institutional arrangements and stake-holders participation would increase water productivity, accurate economic growth and assure safe and secure water in the present and in future.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 150999

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 7, Issue 11

Page(s): 287 - 296
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