PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS AN INTERVENTION TO NSSI (NON-SUICIDAL SELF-INJURY) IN ADOLESCENTS: A REVIEW OF RESEARCH
Author(s):
ANJANI PASALA
Keywords:
NSSI, Physical activity, Endorphins, Adolescents, Emotional outlet
Abstract
Non suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a deliberate destruction of the surface of one’s own body without suicidal intent e.g., cutting, hitting, biting to oneself to induce pain. NSSID (Non suicidal self-injury disorder) is a new included disorder in DSM-5 and it’s most prevalent among adolescents than in adults. NSSI is primarily used as a maladaptive coping strategy and was performed both to regulate internal emotional states (automatic reinforcement) and to influence others in the environment (social reinforcement). NSSI is also referred as self-harm. According to a WHO report Suicide and “accidental death from self-harm” were the third cause of adolescent mortality in 2015. The suicide rate among adolescents is on rise in India and particularly in the twin states of Telangana and Andhra and we are unsure how many of these are result of accidental death from self-harm though they are looked out as suicides. This is a theoretical study and is focused on stressing the need for physical activity as an intervention to reduce and prevent NSSI with a factor of automatic reinforcement, emphasizing the underlying mechanisms that’s working in both, which is the release of endorphins and this postulate is supported by few studies. The lack of healthy coping mechanisms at the times of stress is an underlying factor contributing to this NSSI behavior and ‘physical activity’ can be used as an alternate healthy coping strategy. It is found that as per reports, the active living is on decline and sedentary lifestyle is rising in adolescents which is providing no space/channel for letting out their pent-up emotions and making them choose these poor strategies like NSSI to relieve themselves from emotional pain. The mental health benefits of physical activity are less prioritized than it deserves is evident from the reports.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 152918

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 5

Page(s): 57 - 62
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