GENDER ISSUES IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE: THE STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN AGRICULTURE LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION
Author(s):
A.SUDHA, S.PARTHIPAN
Keywords:
Women, Agriculture, Gender, Labour force, Impacts and Discrimination
Abstract
In India, there are distinct male and female roles in the rural economy. Women and girls engage in a number of agro-oriented activities ranging from seedbed preparation, weeding, and horticulture and fruit cultivation to a series of post-harvest crop processing activities like cleaning and drying vegetable, fruits and nuts for domestic use and for market. A disproportionate number of those dependent on land are women: 58% of all male workers and 78% of all female workers, and 86% of all rural female workers are in agriculture. Female headed households range from 20% to 35% of rural households (widows, deserted women as well as women who manage farming when their men migrate). Although the time devoted by both women and men in agricultural activities may, in several communities and agricultural situations, be taken to be almost equal, women are dominant within the domestic tasks. Rural Indian women are extensively involved in agricultural activities, but the nature and extent of their involvement differs with variations in agro-production systems. This paper re-affirms that women make essential contributions to agriculture and rural enterprises. But there is much diversity in women's roles and over-generalization undermines policy relevance and planning. The context is important and policies must be based on sound data and gender analysis.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 148563

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 6, Issue 3

Page(s): 91 - 96
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