Effect of different plastic mulches on vegetable production: Review
Chandramohan Reddy, Harshal Avinashe, Nidhi Dubey
White-on-black plastic, transparent plastic mulch, absorptivity, reflectivity.
Vegetables are valuable in India because it is consider to be biodiversity rich and primary and secondary centers of origin for many vegetables and even for good biological assets as genetic resources even there are many proofs that vegetables play a key role as there importance included in Indian scriptures history and Vedas, Ramayana. Vegetables have much importance as economic, nutritional, medicinal, and industrial and also have employment opportunities. Vegetable production in India accounts for 14% of world production which is cultivated on area of 8.5 million hectares and its average productivityis 17.3 t/ha and it is second largest producer it has an production of 146.55 million in 2017-18. It needs 1.5 times more labor than other crops. Utilization of plastic mulch in business vegetable creation is one of these customary formthat have been utilized it makes a great soil-water-plant connection by setting mulch over the dirt surface. Various shades of plastic mulches have been utilised economically on vegetables since the mid 1970s. Dark, clear & white-on-dark plastic, mulches straight forwardly sway the microclimate around the plant by adjusting the radiation (absorptivity versus reflectivity) of the surface & diminishing the dirt moisture loss. Thecolour of mulch to a great extent decides its vitality transmitting conduct &it's effects on the microclimate around a vegetable plant. Colour affects the surface temperature of the mulch while transparent plastic mulch transmits 85-95 percent solar radiation, and raises day soil temperature (4.4-7.8oC).The degree on contact between the mulch and soil, frequently survey the warm contact opposition,can influence extraordinary the exhibition of mulch. In the event that an air space is made between the plastic mulch &the dirt by a tough soil surface,soil warming can be less viable & vacillated than would be normal from specific mulch.
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Unique Paper ID: 150448

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 7, Issue 6

Page(s): 140 - 143
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