Job Stress of Corporate employees in India
Sindhu J
Stress, either physiological, biological, or psychological is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition. Stress is the body's method of reacting to a condition such as a threat, challenge, or physical and psychological barrier. Stress is a natural feeling of not being able to cope with specific demands and events. However, stress can become a chronic condition if a person does not take steps to manage it. These demands can come from work, relationships, financial pressures, and other situations, but anything that poses a real or perceived challenge or threat to a person’s well-being can cause stress.Stress can be a motivator, and it can even be essential to survival. The body’s fight-or-flight mechanism tells a person when and how to respond to danger. However, when the body becomes triggered too easily, or there are too many stressors at one time, it can undermine a person’s mental and physical health and become harmful. Stress is the body‘s nonspecific response to a demand placed on it (Hans Selye) Stress as a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize. (Richard S. Lazarus) Nervous tension that results from internal conflicts from a wide range of external situations (D‘ Souza). The psychological stressors influence the health through emotional, cognitive, behavioural and psychological factors (Levi 1998). The role ambiguity, role overload, role conflict and strenuous working conditions have positive relations and are the common causes of the stress (Chand and Sethi, 1997). The type of work assigned to an employee is also one of the stress factor and those engaged in work related to them able to cope the stress better than those who are assigned unrelated work (Tread Gold 1999). Stress in organizations has been defined in terms of misfit between a person’s skills and abilities and demands of his/her job and as a misfit in terms of a person’s needs not being fulfilled by his job environment. Cooper and Marshall (1976) are of the view that by occupational stress is meant environmental factors or stressors such as work overload, role conflict, role ambiguity, and
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Unique Paper ID: 152595

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3

Page(s): 987 - 991
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