Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation: A Systematic Review
Author(s):
Randeep Rajkumar. D , T. Jothimani
Keywords:
Suicide, Suicidal ideation, Risk factors.
Abstract
Suicide is a leading cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. Suicidal ideation is thinking about, considering or planning suicide and the ideation may vary regarding the specificity of suicide plans and the degree of suicide intent. A systematic review was conducted to collate and review all the research studies concerning risk factors for suicidal ideation. All the relevant papers were identified through search engines Google Scholar, PubMed, and Research Gate. As a result of systematic research review, eight articles were identified and that addresses risk factors for suicidal ideation in general population. The result indicated that suicidal ideation may be related with the presence of family history of psychiatric illness, depressive mood, high anger and short or long sleep duration. The studies found that depression, anxiety, hostility, inferiority, insomnia, divorce, unemployment, psychiatric morbidity, having no close friends, use of alcohol and addictive drugs were considered as a significant risk factor for suicidal ideation. Studies also explained that female gender, psychoactive substances, experience of violence, stressful life events, low standard of living, aggression, impulsivity, social recognition, low self-esteem, post-traumatic stress disorder, use of alcohol and drugs were associated with suicidal ideation. This review draws insight about major risk factors for suicidal ideation and suggested that future studies must focus on the suicide prevention strategies not only for psychiatric patients, but also for people in the general community.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 153184

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 6

Page(s): 105 - 112
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