COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF CHICKPEA AND MUNGBEAN SEEDS UNDER DIFFERENT SOIL CONDITIONS
Author(s):
SHEEBA MENON, Chintan Patel , Anil Pandey
Keywords:
Chickpea, germination, Mungbean, seeds
Abstract
Plants belonging to Family Leguminosae provide important protein which is a good source of protein. Legumes are the second most important food crops for human beings after the cereals. Chickpea grows in cold season and its seeds are the most edible part. Mungbean contain proteins, dietary fibers, minerals, nutrients, vitamins and large amount of bioactive compounds. Chickpea and Mungbean seeds were selected for the study and germination. Chickpea seeds are consumed as food, used traditionally as aphrodisiac for bronchitis, constipation, diarrhoea, sunstroke, snakebite and warts. Chickpea seeds contain Malic acid and oxalic acid that can lower blood pressure. Mungbean seeds can prevent cancer and melanogenesis. Chickpea and Mungbean seeds have the ability to maintain the soil fertility by enhancing the physical properties of soil by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. For the study of germination, two different types of soil were collected. One soil sample was from Maninagar and another soil sample was from Dastan farm at Naroda. Chickpea and Mungbean seeds were grown in pots and trays. Individual pots were filled with collected from Maninagar and the trays were filled with soil from Dastan farm, Naroda. The seeds were allowed to grow by watering regularly. The germination percentages, root length, shoot length and number of leaflets readings were taken after ten, fifteen and twenty days respectively. The results were analysed using SPSS/PC software. The results indicated that Chickpea and Mungbean seeds grown in tray showed higher growth in terms of root length and shoot length. The growth is responsible for good yield of both Chickpea and Mungbean plants. It can be postulated that perhaps the type of soil and its moisture content play a vital role in germination of a seed. Also, plants including Chickpea experience external and internal stress (abiotic and biotic stress) that can affect germination and growth. Thus, a further advanced research is required.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 153425

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 7

Page(s): 154 - 158
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