Extraction of Essential Oils from flower and flower stalk of Samadera indica by steam distillation
Author(s):
Dr Sindhu C, Dr Sr Beena Jose
Keywords:
Essential oil, Steam distillation, GCMS analysis, phytocomponents, Bioactive
Abstract
Essential oils are made of higher hydrocarbons and their oxygenated derivatives. The main constituents of essential oils are terpenoids (mono and sesquiterpenes). Generally, the process of steam distillation is the most widely accepted method for the production of essential oils on a large scale. Essential oils were isolated by steam distillation of flower and flower stalks of Samadera indica. By Gass chromatography and mass spectroscopy GCMS analysis, forty two components were identified from flower essential oil and seventeen components were identified from flower stalk oils of the plant. The major components of flower essential oil are phytol, 2-Naphthalene methanol,1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,7-octahydro-alpha. alpha.4a,8-tetramethyl-(2R-cis)- Hexadecanoic acid,methyl ester,Heptanoic acid, 3-hexenyl ester, (Z)-, n-Hexadecanoic acid, Isophytol, Alpha-Cadinol,Tricosane, 3-Hexen-1-ol, benzoate,(Z). Samadera indica flower stalk essential oil contains 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid butyl methyl ester, 1,2- Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis (2-methyl propyl) ester, 2-ethyl-1-Hexanol and phytol. These include esters, phenols as well as terpenoids, which are reported to be antioxidants, antimicrobials and cytotoxic in nature.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 153508

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 8

Page(s): 1 - 21
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