Sustainable agriculture and Stubble Burning approaches: A step towards clean environment
Author(s):
Anamika Singh, Ankur Omer
Keywords:
Stubble, Air pollution, Agriculture waste, Pollution, happy seeder.
Abstract
Whole north India vegetation is dominated by two major crops, Wheat and Rice. Gujarat, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are well known for the production and these states are also facing issues related to the leftovers of rice cultivation that is ‘stubble’. The most common and easy practice is that farmers usually burn it in order to clear the land for the next crop. Recent years this practice was taken into serious considerations, as this conventional practice of stubble burning has been a major cause for pollution in Delhi and its neighbouring cities. There are many alternative practices to overcome this issue, but the most important is awareness among farmers and government support. Our article is based on the novel approaches of stubble utilization for sustainable agriculture, use of these methods in positives ways for some useful productions as well as minimization of pollution. Some important stubble uses are rice Residue as Fodder for animals, mushroom cultivation, paper production, bio gas productions and Bio-oil generation from unwanted agricultural wastes. Few organisations are working in these areas like Punjab Agriculture University (PAU) in collaboration with Australian centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) has taken an initiative for in-site management of paddy stubble. They developed a machine called ‘HAPPY SEEDER’, is a machine that is mounted on the tractor cuts and lifts rice straw, sows wheat into the soil then mulches the sowed area with the straw.. Although science and technology is expanding day by day and but the awareness, approaches towards environment safety and utilization of agriculture wastes is now a priority for a healthy Earth. Creating awareness among farmers at grassroots level is very important for their personal gain as well as for the betterment of environment
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 154147

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 10

Page(s): 280 - 286
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