A comparative study on socio-economic scenario of Jammu and Kashmir before and after abrogation of article 370
Author(s):
Irshad Ahmad, Dr. Seema Parihar
Keywords:
Dispute, Temporary, autonomy, citizenship, ownership, bifurcation, legislature, sabotage, incorporation.
Abstract
Article 370 gave a special status to the Jammu and Kashmir region that has been a matter of dispute between the three south Asian powers India, Pakistan and China since 1947. This article 370 was drafted in part XXI of the Indian constitution as temporary, transitional and special provision but its inception was opposed by the father of the Indian constitution B. R. Ambedkar as it confers the Jammu and Kashmir state certain amount of autonomy- its own constitution, a separate flag and freedom to make laws. As a result Jammu and Kashmir was permitted to make its own rules concerning to fundamental rights, permanent residents and ownership of property. Under the Presidential order the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill, 2019 was presented in the Parliament by the home minister Amit Shah. Through this initiative, Government has attained three main objectives: firstly, Government has removed the privileged conduct given to Jammu and Kashmir and applied the complete constitution to J&K; secondly it has divided J&K into two Union Territories – J&K with a legislature and Ladakh without a legislature; thirdly, it has made the state legislative assembly the capable power to make the endorsement to the President to proclaim Article 370 defective. New Delhi has defended its move by saying that Article 370 was the source of sabotage in the state of J&K, had crumbled the state, hindered its development, prevented proper health care, education and obstructed industries; and it was, therefore, obligatory to incorporate the region with the rest of India and develop it. The objective of this paper is to find out the socio economic condition of the people of Jammu and Kashmir before abrogation and special changes occurred thereafter.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 154586

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 11

Page(s): 666 - 671
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