|Traditional medicine is used by more than half of the world’s population and one of the key roles of traditional medicine is the utilization of plant extract and active ingredients, among them, Syzygium cumini is commonly known as java plum (“ Indian blackberry “), Jamun, black plum, and Malabar plum, a plant of the family Myrtaceae. Plant parts such as leaves, stems, fruit, seed, and bark have been reported for possessing antihyperglycemic, hypolipemiant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and antioxidant activity. It is used for the treatment of ulcers, asthma, dysentery, thirst, biliousness, sore throat, and bronchitis, another user is a good blood purifier. Screening of leaves, seeds, fruit, and stem bark shows the presence of cyanogenic glycosides, essential oil, tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids, phenols, anthocyanin, steroids, terpenoids, resin, saponin, and cardiac glycosides. This review focus on the detail of geographical distribution, physicochemical paramenter, phytoconstituents, and pharmacological properties of Syzygium cumini.