Incidence of clinical features of micronutrients deficiencies and their immediate outcomes in children with severe acute malnutrition at NRC in Amravati region of central India
M. A. Shende, S. N. Kadam, M. B. Mokal, M. P. Balvir
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM), Nutritional rehabilitation center (NRC), Z score, Micronutrient
Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals fed in small quantities, but are essential for body biochemical processes. Severe acute malnutrition, among children below five years of age is global health problem contributing to childhood morbidity, mortality. Objective: This study aim was to accesses incidence of clinical features of micronutrients deficiencies and their immediate outcomes in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) on day 1 and after 15-day treatments with F-75/F-100 plus vitamins mix. Methodology: The study was prospective observational conducted in the nutritional rehabilitation center (NRC) at district general hospital, Amravati for 6 months. The study was conducted on children aged between upto 60 months fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Anthropometric measurements were taken to determine their nutritional status. The relevant information of individual children was collected by using prevalidated case record collection form. Results: 100 patients of NRC were enrolled in the study. Sixty nine percent (69) patients had weight/height Z score<−3 standard deviation, 16 % with Z score<−2 and 15% of Z score<−4 malnutrition. Mean age and median of population was 27.13±9.3 and 17.5 respectively. Vitamin B12, iodine and vitamin E was found more than 50% population during study. After proper treatment of nutrition and maintain diet audit with some specific treatment of antibiotics all the findings were covered up during discharge. Micronutrient deficiencies were highly prevalent with vitamins and recovered on application of WHO protocols during hospitalization induced satisfactory recovery significant (p<0.05).
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 155830

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 2

Page(s): 21 - 27
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