ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND RUNNING PERFORMANCE OF ETHIOPIAN LONG AND MIDDLE-DISTANCE RUNNERS`
Author(s):
Massresha Erago Gebregiorgis, Kishore Kumar C.K.
Keywords:
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, ATHLETICS PERFORMANCE, ALTITUDE, COMPETITION LEVEL
Abstract
Middle and long-distance runners from East Africa are currently the dominant force in middle and long-distance running as well as track events at multiple Olympic Games. This research aimed to determine the relationship between the socioeconomic status of Ethiopian athletes and their running performance. The researcher employed a mixed-methods research design and convergent parallel research methodology was implemented. A purposive sampling technique was used to select the sample. The data was collected through a questionnaire from 166 samples, 98 males and 68 females, of which 83 were elite athletes and 83 were athletes' families. The researcher created the performance level frame of reference for Ethiopian athletes, and adapted Kppuswamy and BG. Prasad's socioeconomic status measurement scale to assess the socioeconomic status of Ethiopian athletes. This study found that athletes with low socioeconomic status had a high level of running performance, whereas athletes with the highest socioeconomic status had a low level of running performance and participation in long and middle-distance races. 85.5 percent of the Ethiopian athletes who participated in this study were world-class performers, including Olympic gold medalists, but they came from low-socioeconomic backgrounds. When they joined long distance training, Ethiopian long and middle-distance runners encountered economic difficulties. Ethiopian long and middle-distance runners joined formal running training with low socioeconomic status. The results of the study indicated that the success of Ethiopian athletes was due to overcoming economic problems in addition to training effects. The study concluded that the performance of Ethiopian athletes and their socioeconomic status are negatively correlated.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 155840

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 2

Page(s): 121 - 131
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