mHealth initiatives for non-communicable disease (NCD’s) – a scoping review of the Indian scenario
Author(s):
Akash Gajanan Prabhune
Keywords:
Non-CommunicableDiseases, Health IT, Digital Health, mHealth, Behaviour Change Communication
Abstract
mHealth initiatives are cost effective, quick and less resource intensive technology assisted initiatives which help to strengthen the Health system. High mobile penetration and availability of cheap and high-speed data network across India has been conducive to implement mHealth initiatives in Indian health system. In recent decade India has seen a surge in mHealth initiatives. With this scoping review we intent to understand the current scenario of mHealth initiatives in NCD care. We searched on databases like PubMed and Google Search for terms like mHealth, mobile phones, cell phones, telemedicine, primary care, secondary care, rural health, Prevention, Diagnosis, Management, Risk factor control, NCD’s, Non communicable Diseases, Chronic Disease, Health Systems. The total number of articles analysed in this study were 42. We presented the technology, device used in study, study settings and type of mHealth vertical used based on ICT classification of mHealth initiatives and the condition addressed. Our observations were, most of the mHealth initiatives were conducted in rural areas, with states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh reporting maximum number of studies. Diabetes was the most researched condition followed by cardiovascular diseases. Most of the mHealth initiatives were conducted through smartphones, and cell phones with Client education and behaviour change communication (BCC) being most implemented vertical. The mHealth initiatives are key to strengthen Indian healthcare system to tackle rising burden of NCD’s in India. There is a need for continuous surveillance system to monitor and propagate mHealth research as per health systems requirement.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 155888

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 2

Page(s): 1877 - 1886
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