NON INVASIVE BLOOD GROUP DETECTION USING NEAR INFRARED (NIR) SENSOR
Author(s):
SHILPA NAYAK R L, Sumati Mishra, Dr. R Kalpana
Keywords:
Blood group, antigen , wavelength , near infrared (NIR).
Abstract
Blood group identification is very important in the Healthcare industry for any type of treatment. The presence or lack of specific antigens, which will provoke an immune response if they are alien to the body, is what determines the blood types. The two antigens A and B on the surface of red blood cells define the presence or absence of the four major blood groups (A, B, AB, and O) We currently use a traditional technique (a manual process) to determine blood group. The blood group must be quickly identified in blood banks and hospitals. The traditional method is labor-intensive and involves a laboriously slow process. As a result, new machinery must be developed to solve all issues related to the manual approach. This study suggests a non-invasive method based on the optical characteristics of blood to identify different blood types. When optical signals are permitted to travel through the finger, light serves as the source, and a detector picks up the wavelength. The wavelength value obtained depends on the type of antigen that is present on the RBC because blood's optical properties vary. Blood group analysis is performed using the wavelength value that was acquired. The results are tabulated and examined.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 155926

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 2

Page(s): 254 - 258
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