Performance of Agriculture Sector in Punjab: Lack of Diversity in Agricultural Production
Karamjit Singh
Cropping pattern, Cropping-intensity Food crops, Horticultural crops, Diversification
The present study is conducted to explore the cropping pattern in Punjab. Punjab has become a dominant agro-based economy since the 1960s. It is found in the study that the cropping pattern of Punjab has been highly dominated by food grains cultivation specifically by rice and wheat due to the secure income in terms of Minimum Support Price to the farmers. The crop-husbandry and is contributing more than 50 per cent and livestock sector is contributing 40 per cent to the overall Gross Value Added of the agriculture sector in Punjab. The cropping intensity in Punjab has been increasing due to mechanization of agriculture, availability of modern inputs and high variety yielding seeds, highest consumption of fertilizers and highest area under irrigation. The study revealed that area under horticultural crops such as fruits and vegetables is very less as compared to other tradition crops. The state-wise comparison shows that in Punjab area under horticultural crops is very insignificant. The study concluded that regardless of availability of resources to agriculture sector, the agricultural production has been confined to monoculture of food crops and the contribution of other sectors especially of horticulture sector is very insignificant. The policymakers should revisit the appropriate policies regarding the diversification of agricultural production. Government should provide the infrastructure and procurement facilities so as to encourage the farmers towards the diversification on agriculture sector.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 156285

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3

Page(s): 165 - 169
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