Fire Protection for Oil Storage Tank
Author(s):
G Jagadish Reddy, Gulab Chand Sahu
Keywords:
AFFF; Semi fixed foam system.
Abstract
Large liquid storage tanks are used in industries to store petroleum and its allied products for a variety of purposes, and these tanks contain large amounts of oil that can catch fire. Because of the enormous fuel supply for the fire, oil fires are more difficult to extinguish than regular fires. These fires can result in the loss of millions of barrels of crude oil, as well as ecological problems caused by the large amounts of smoke. To extinguish oil fires, several techniques such as foam systems and high powered water sprays are used. The primary goal of this project is to propose an active firefighting system for the Super Kerosene Oil storage tank in plants, Industry. There are altogether four tanks situated in the plant. The diameter and height of first two tanks are 10.65m and 9m. The diameter and height of other two tanks are 8m and 7.5m. The total storage capacity of four tanks is 2140 K.Lts. Detailed study was carried out on various factors which include type of tank, type of oil stored, location of tanks etc. According to OISD Standard, Semi fixed foaming system with minimum one discharge outlets using AFFF type of foam has been suggested. The amount of foam and water required Safe distance between tanks has been calculated and suggested. Many other important suggestions also have been included in the project
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 156388

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3

Page(s): 524 - 529
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