Comparative In vitro study of antibacterial and antifungal activity of Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) essential oil, Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil, and Peppermint (Menthae piperitae aetheroleum) essential oil
Author(s):
Kavita Chahal, Nayantara
Keywords:
Essential oils, Antimicrobial activities, E. coli strain DH5α, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans.
Abstract
Essential oil is a naturally occurring substance that has demonstrated a variety of antibacterial and antifungal actions. As a result of this ability, it finds extensive use in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics sectors. Three significant essential oils—Peppermint (Menthae piperitae aetheroleum), Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon citratus), and Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia)—have been examined for their antibacterial and antifungal properties in this study. This study also compares the lowest bacterial concentration range and minimum inhibitory concentration of these three essential oils. Two types of assays were used to demonstrate the activities of essential oils with four bacteria, namely, E. coli strain DH5α, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Similarly, antifungal activities of all the three oils were analyzed using fungal cultures of Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, and yeast Candida albicans. All the oils showed effective antimicrobial activities.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 156559

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4

Page(s): 106 - 112
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