Effect of Thimet 10% (CG) on biochemical and enzymatic alterations in Cyprinus carpio (Hamilton)
Author(s):
Ratna Sekar Puli, Jagadish Naik Mude
Keywords:
Cyprinus carpio Thimet 10%CG pesticide Biochemical analysis
Abstract
Thimet is an organophosphate insecticide that is extensively used throughout the world and in India and Andhra Pradesh. It is used as a broad-spectrum insecticide on numerous commercial crops including paddy and groundnut. It is a soil and systemic insecticide and miticide, commonly used for the control of chewing and sucking insects, mites and soil dwelling pests. Due to enormous use, it is accumulating in the environment and washed away due to heavy rains and floods causing alarming environmental pollution. Hence, the present study was contemplated to evaluate the biochemical alterations in osmoregulatory organs such as gill (GL) and kidney (KY) and non-osmoregulatory organs such as liver, muscle and brain of the fish Cyprinus carpio on exposure to sublethal toxicity of Thimet for 5-day and 10-days. The sublethal concentrations of Thimet altered the levels of blood glucose, and total carbohydrates significantly (P<0.05) in the all target organs of the experimental fish when compared with the control group. The other parameters evaluated includes the estimation of enzyme activity of different enzymes like Acid Phosphatase, Lactate Dehydrogenase, Succinate Dehydrogenase, Maltase Dehydrogenase, Aspartate aminotransferase, and Alanine aminotransferase. All the enzymes showed alterations in their presence and activity.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 156741

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 4

Page(s): 735 - 744
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