Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varietal Diversity, Uttar Dinajpur, West Bengal, India
Author(s):
Shyam Chandra Ghosh, Tapash Dasgupta
Keywords:
Oryza sativa L., Variety, Diversity, Uttar Dinajpur
Abstract
A study has been carried out based on field survey at ground level and covered almost all the block and collected the varietal information as grown by the farmers, Uttar Dinajpur District, West Bengal with an objective to understand the present varietal status and rice diversity exist in the region, old alluvial Gangetic plain zone, West Bengal. Under the study covered in eight block of the district with 43 farmers and maximum farmers was from Itahar followed by Raiganj, Karandighi, Chopra, Chakulia, Hemtabad, Islampur and Goalpokhar. Under study, varieties were being grown by the farmers, Uttar Dinajpur District, whereas 62% high yielding varieties (HYV), 31 % local varieties and 7% Hybrids. The rice varieties grown by the farmers were Begun Bichi, Swarna, Kalirai, BB 11, Maharaja, Tulaipanji, Danga Basful, GB 2, Zeera, Khitish, SS 1, IR 64, Satabdi, Sampa, Josua, Arize 6444, IET 1444, Sourab, Yamuna, Hi Rice, Ranjit, Nilanjana, Kalo Nunia, MTU 1010, Gobindabhog, Niranjan and Kalabhat. Among the varieties most popular varieties were Swarna, BB 11 in Kharif whereas, Khitish, Satabdi, IR 64 in Boro on the other hand Tulaipanji is the most popular aromatic rice, Uttar Dinajpur District followed by Jasua, Gobindabhog and Kalabat and most popular hybrid was Arize 6444Gold. Some Varieties like Arize 6444, MTU 1010, Khitish and Zeera were grown in both the season. Good eating quality and milling (%) along with market popularity existed in the market with the varieties like Khitish, IR 64, Swarna and MTU 1010. According to global sustainability goal (GSG), conservation and maintenance of biological diversity is most importance for the future food for all, integrity in the competitive climate changing resource shrinking challenging world and futuristic livelihood.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 156821

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 5

Page(s): 113 - 119
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