Shaikh Mohammad , Sandeep Dubey
Industry 4.0, Lean principles, Necessary condition analysis, Operational performance, Smart manufacturing
This study explores to what extent the relinquishment and performance of smart manufacturing technologies builds on the relinquishment of lean principles. Primary explorative check data on the position of relinquishment of smart manufacturing technologies and lean principles and colorful functional performance issues were collected from a group of Dutch manufacturers and analyzed using Cluster Analysis, ANOVA, and Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA). The Cluster Analysis shows that while lean is additionally applied without smart( “ lean-only ” companies), smart technologies are substantially applied in confluence with lean( “ lean and smart ” companies), suggesting that the presence of lean principles is important for smart perpetration. A 3rd group of companies shows a low use of lean and smart (“non-adopters”). The NCAs further specify the extent of this necessity by showing that each one individual smart manufacturing technology used in our construct bear presence of lean principles, with MES systems having the strongest reliance. Performance wise, lean-only and lean and smart companies have similar superior performance compared to non-adopters when considering an aggregate functional performance measure using the confines of quality, delivery, inflexibility and price. When analyzed independently, the mixture position results remain true for quality and delivery performance. Still, for inflexibility, the prevalence of lean-only companies is more apparent, while for cost, lean and smart companies are superior. This shows that enforcing smart requires lean, but lean may serve counting on the specific performance objects strived for.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 157311

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 6

Page(s): 630 - 642
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