EVALUATION OF ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY, STUDY OF PATIENT TREATMENT ADHERENCE AND RISK ASSESSMENT IN TREATMENT PROCESS OF HIV INFECTION
Author(s):
V. Venu, P. Lazaru, K. Nandini, S. Asif, P. Ajay, P. Sravani, Dr. J. N. Suresh kumar
Keywords:
Evaluation, HIV infection, risk assessment, ART therapy, Treatment adherence.
Abstract
Antiretroviral drugs in HIV positive patient is most important to reduce complications there by reducing the morbidity and mortality rate of patients. Anti-retroviral drugs were prescribed in HIV positive patients based on patient condition. Adherence to anti-retroviral drugs reducing the morbidity and mortality rate of the patients. In this study, the patient treatment adherence to ART regimens and route of transmission of HIV in PLHIV patients and drugs used in treatment of HIV positive patients like TLD regimen were studied. A prospective observational study was performed on 110 HIV positive patients. The total number of patients including HIV with TB, Antiretroviral drugs prescribed, patient data were collected from patient treatment records. The Patient treatment adherence and route of transmission of HIV positive were calculated in each patient. The study was conducted a period of six months. A total of 110 patients were collected as a part of this study. In our study we have concluded that most of the patients are adherent in usage of ART regimens. TLD is present drug of choice used in the treatment of HIV infection this regimen is the best in treatment of HIV infection. this study, we observed that the major route of transmission of HIV in patients is heterosexual and other routes of transmission we observed is sexual, mother to child, injected abuse, unknown and unsafe injection this study concluded that the most of the HIV positive patients in usage of ART regimens are 80% adherent among ART therapy and any irregular usage of ART drugs will leads to patient opportunistic infection like TB. Our study finds that some of the patients suffering from side effects like nausea, fatigue and trouble in sleeping. After observing patients with HIV positive, we have noted that the patients who have taken ART drugs regularly with high treatment adherence to their disease have lowered their load of virus in blood. The results of the study could provide important evidence about of patient adherence towards the treatment and risk assessment in treatment process of HIV infection.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 159541

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 9, Issue 12

Page(s): 38 - 44
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