Malignant and Non Malignant Spinal Tumor
Author(s):
D.K.Awasthi, Archana Dixit
Keywords:
Spinal column, Sarcoma, Metastasis, Spinal neoplasms, Palliative surgery
Abstract
A spinal tumor is an abnormal growth (mass) of cells within or surrounding your spinal cord and/or spinal column.Your spine (backbone) is the long, flexible column of bones that protects your spinal cord It begins at the base of your skull and ends in your tailbone, which is part of your pelvis.Your spinal cord is a cylindrical structure that runs through the center of your spine, from your brainstem (the bottom of your brain) to your low back. It contains nerve bundles and cells that carry messages from your brain to the rest of your body, and from your body to your brain. Tumors that affect the vertebrae have often spread (metastasized) from cancers in other parts of the body. But there are some types of tumors that start within the bones of the spine, such as chordoma, chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, plasmacytoma and Ewing's sarcoma.A vertebral tumor can affect neurological function by pushing on the spinal cord or nerve roots nearby. As these tumors grow within the bone, they may also cause pain, vertebral fractures or spinal instability.Whether cancerous or not, a vertebral tumor can be life-threatening and cause permanent disability.There are many treatment options for vertebral tumors, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, medications or sometimes just monitoring the tumor. Spine tumors comprise a small percentage of reasons for back pain and other symptoms originating in the spine. The majority of the tumors involving the spinal column are metastases of visceral organ cancers which are mostly seen in older patients. Primary musculoskeletal system sarcomas involving the spinal column are rare. Benign tumors and tumor-like lesions of the musculoskeletal system are mostly seen in young patients and often cause instability and canal compromise. Optimal diagnosis and treatment of spine tumors require a multidisciplinary approach and thorough knowledge of both spine surgery and musculoskeletal tumor surgery. Either primary or metastatic tumors involving the spine are demanding problems in terms of diagnosis and treatment. Spinal instability and neurological compromise are the main and critical problems in patients with tumors of the spinal column. In the past, only a few treatment options aim
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 160620

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 10, Issue 1

Page(s): 940 - 945
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