Mansi H. Jayswal, Prof. Jignesh Oza
Study of Rajiv Awaas Yojana scheme and empirical studies focusing on economic and social background, occupation, migration, education, skills, employment and income-generating activities
The growth of urban population and rapid urbanization has caused increase in size of city to accommodate migrants and natural growth. In the urban areas, slums are the one that act as shock absorbers for the rising growth of urbanization. Slums are the result of unfulfilled housing demand; they often encroach upon untenable land with poor infrastructure settlements. The characteristics of these settlements are very different from the slums of the inner city. The government has taken several initiatives to cope up with their needs to improve the condition of slums. However, all slums are not identical and requires different improvement approach as per their character. The primary aim of the research is to develop redevelopment framework for those slums that were villages earlier and are presently part of urban area. To achieve this, the research develops slum typology through spatial study to identify physical diversity by the use of spatial metrics indicators. The indicators of morphology are used for study of slum redevelopment and further, set of indicators are used for assessment of slum redevelopment models in India. There are various slum redevelopment models used in India that works on economic, physical and social aspects. The research studies the spatial character of slums in Baroda, Gujarat in India. The slum typology was developed based on selected spatial indicators that are frequently used to study slum. The research was conducted at two level i.e., temporal and settlement level. The temporal level information helped in selecting slums. The result confirms the different morphological characteristics of conventional slum development. The study focuses on understanding the distinctive character of slum. These settlements differ with conventional slum with respect of its organic layout, large and pucca dwelling units and double height of the dwelling units. The density of the slums is similar as some settlement in slums are dense. Urbanization is the most powerful socio-economic component of modernity. As the West has modern urban civilization and the east has ancient traditional civilization, the current civilization is regarded as metropolitan civilization based on industrial and multi-national comme
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 161104

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 10, Issue 2

Page(s): 634 - 642
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