Food security under a changing climate
Author(s):
Sonali Dash, Dr. Minati Mallick
Keywords:
global warming, food availability, access to food, Food In-security, anthropometric method, survey method, Z score, malnutrition
Abstract
As Per UNDP 2023 Report, humans are responsible for global heating over the last 200 years due to rapid industrialization, deforestation and fossil fuel combustion. This led to current temperature rise of 1.1°C above pre-industrial levels. Agriculture sector in India is vulnerable to global warning. Climate change has negative effects on irrigated crop yields across agro-ecological regions due to un-expected weather events, changes in precipitation patterns and reduces in water availability. It disrupt three dimension of food security i.e. food availability, access to food and utilization of food or food quality. Climate change affected demand and supply side of food supply chain which causes food In-security. Objective of study is, to measure the food adequacy and malnutrition of household due to climate Change. We randomly collect the data from 11 anganwadi kendra of Bahanaga block, in Balasore district by using survey method and 10 percent of children’s data collected from each anganwadi kendra which is total 119 children, where weight for age, height for age and weight for height will be recorded to achieve the objective. We used Anthropometric method as a statistical tool to do the analysis. We calculated the Z score, match with WHO growth Standard and found that 18.5% children are moderate acute malnutrition, 15.12% are severe acute malnutrition, 61.34% are normal and 0.050% are overweight. Due temperature increase, crop yielding decreases and shortage for food results Malnutrition, this is inversely proportional to Food adequacy. So, Climate change creates impact on food security.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 161609

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 10, Issue 5

Page(s): 171 - 178
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