Design of Phase Change Material Based Insulation for Building
Author(s):
Mohammed. Juneduddin, Mahesh Dalwani, Bhanudas Rajendra Kapadne, Pratik Sanjay Sonje, Rahul Sanjay Sharma, Samar Mahesh Thorat
Keywords:
Phase Change Materials (PCMs), Building Insulation, Energy Efficiency, Thermal Energy Storage (TES), HVAC Systems, Global Warming, Sustainable Building Design
Abstract
This research paper tackles the critical environmental issue stemming from a drastic increase in atmospheric pollutants, including NOx, VOC, CO2, SOx, dioxins, and furans over the past decade. These pollutants have caused global concerns, such as rising temperatures, elevated CO2 levels, and the subsequent melting of polar ice caps, leading to rising sea levels. This environmental crisis is largely driven by the growing reliance on power plants to meet the escalating demand for electricity. Reports, including the World Bank's assessment of residential power consumption, have shown that approximately 40% of energy is used for cooling. This emphasizes the significant environmental impact of Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems. To address this challenge, we propose a practical and sustainable solution using Phase Change Materials (PCMs) for cooling. PCMs, widely used in thermal energy storage (TES) in building construction, provide an innovative way to balance energy demand and supply efficiently. The research aims to improve indoor air temperatures and reduce thermal energy demand by introducing a PCM-based supplementary layer into composite walls, resulting in a substantial 16% reduction in cooling demand. This represents a significant step toward embracing sustainable, energy-efficient practices in building design and construction.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 161791

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 6, Issue 4

Page(s): 36 - 40
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