Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review Of Current Trends
Author(s):
Dadewad Swapnali S., Mane Shantanu R.
Keywords:
Diabetes, diagnosis, hyperglycaemia, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, novel medications and treatment.
Abstract
Globally, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a chronic metabolic disease, has been rising gradually. Obesity and type 2 diabetes are closely related conditions that are becoming a global health concern. The diagnostic standards, etiology, and genetics of several classes of diabetes mellitus, including T1, T2, gestational diabetes, and other forms of the disease, are contrasted. This trend is making it quickly turn into an epidemic in some other parts of the world, where the number of afflicted people is predicted to double in the next ten years due to population growth. This will add to the already heavy burden already placed on healthcare providers, particularly in developing nations with low incomes. This review is predicated on citation lists of pertinent publications and a search of the Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews. T2 diabetes mellitus, prevalence, current diagnosis, and current therapy are included in the subject heading and key terms. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, which take into account both clinical and laboratory characteristics, are still the foundation for screening and diagnosis. Although a cure for the condition has not yet been discovered, treatment options include changing one's lifestyle, managing obesity, taking oral hypoglycaemic medications, and starting metformin—which lowers insulin resistance—as a first line of treatment, particularly for obese patients. Alpha glycosidase inhibitors, insulin, and thiazolidinedione’s are a few more medicines that work well.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 162233

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 10, Issue 8

Page(s): 433 - 437
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