Bottleneck Analysis of Water and Sanitation in Raipur, Sarguja and Dantewada districts of Chhattisgarh, India- A Systematic and Community Perspective Data Analysis and interpretation
Ranjan Kumar Mallick
WASH, ODF, SHACS and Bottleneck
India has the second largest number of people in the world, with the majority of them living in rural areas. Rural sanitation in India is one of humankind’s greatest and gravest problems. In recent years the percentage of open defecation (OD) in the world to be found in India has risen from 55 to 60 per cent. Being a newly created State in 2000, Chhattisgarh launched Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in 2002-03 starting from 5 districts. Till date 817 panchayats out of 9795 Gram Panchayats have been awarded the Nirmal Gram Puraskar (NGP) after becoming free from open defecation. The number of household latrines has gone up from 892 in 2003-04to 37179 in 2011 (as per the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Government of India). The study objective is to find out bottleneck analysis of water and sanitation programs in Chhattisgarh. The methodology to adopt the study was to conduct focused group discussion and key informant interviews for ascertaining the bottlenecks at community level for WASH programs. To conduct key informant interviews with Government officials in the 3 districts of Dantewada, Sarguja and Raipur for understanding the bottlenecks in WASH Program. In each district fifty Gram panchayat sarpancha were surveyed through structured questionnaire. The development of sanitary practices in village have affirmative effects not only in terms of health outcomes of children, but also important to educate them in order to generate awareness and cognitive supports for the necessity of the improved sanitation in general. The major findings from the study are subsidy, frequent change in Government policy, Monitoring mechanism, and organization structure.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 162786

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 10, Issue 11

Page(s): 41 - 61
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