The Role of State Government for the Development of Irrigation and Agriculture – A Study
Dr. Aakuthota Srinivasulu
Agriculture, encroachment, ground water, irrigation, siltation, water resources
Agriculture that relies only on direct rainfall is referred to as rain-fed or dry land farming. Irrigation systems are also used for cooling livestock, dust suppression, disposal of sewage, and in mining. Irrigation is often studied together with drainage, which is the removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area. Irrigation has been a central feature of agriculture for over 5,000 years and is the product of many cultures. Irrigation in India has always been and will always remain the largest user of water as the agriculture consumes more than 80 percent of the water resources of the country. Water resources development and management is largely dictated by the needs of irrigation. The important source of tank irrigation has been constantly decline due to other mode of irrigation, shortage of rainfall, lost of farmer interest, financial problem etc., and the traditional water management of tank irrigation largely disappeared due to modern technologies. Agriculture in Telangana has attracted considerable attention in the past few years, mostly because of the suicides of hundreds of cotton farmers. The tank irrigation system is critical condition. Because farmers are more concerned about Ground water. Without surface water the ground water used for only limited period. The other factors of decline of tank irrigation are conflict among villagers, encroachment, siltation, poor maintenance etc. Except suitable finance, institutional arrangements, improve of user participation are evolved the present condition will continue. The State or Central Governments should take necessary action through Public Works Department, Forest Department, and Village Panchayats (watershed development, water harvesting, revival of small water bodies) to avoid growing water scarcity for agriculture, industry, domestic and drinking purposes.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 163283

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 10, Issue 11

Page(s): 1219 - 1224
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