Indo Myanmar Border trade and the business opportunities of the Gateway state- a hubbub of Act east Policy
Nahakpam Babulin Meitei
Act-east Policy, Border Trade, Bottlenecks, Terrestrial Trade
Border trade (BT) generally refers to the flow of goods and services across the international borders between two territories. Borders actually denotes the peripheral land of a country lying across the international boundary. However there are borders between states of a country too. Those areas are called state borders. For example, the entire North East of India (NOI) is a borderland in terms of in terms of India, however, the states within North East of India (NOI) has state borders among the states. The entire peripheral areas of North East of India (NOI) along the international boundaries are considered as border. Beyond the International boundary, contiguous to our border lies the border zone of the neighbouring country. With the opening of trade through Moreh, the host of opportunities of business for local indigenous youths of Manipur has also been started. Though, considerable number of people living in the border areas has some sort of trade that takes place between them, it fails to achieve the larger goal of achieving the facilitation of trade to South-East and Far-East Asian countries. It is pertinent to note that more than 90 per cent of the total trade between India and Myanmar takes place through the maritime route. The land route i.e. land border trade accounts for a negligible share i.e. less than 1 per cent of India’s total trade with Myanmar even though the Northeast States share more than 1600 km of common international border with Myanmar. On the other hand, as per household census report 2014 of Myanmar, around 70 percent of emigrant Myanmar people have chosen Thailand for higher income opportunities and a meagre 0.9 percent (The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census) of emigrant Myanmar people opted for India. The engagement of local youth in border trade is also very less. People from other states especially from southern states have engaged themselves in the border trade and in the façade of time they identify themselves as Manipuri too. The malls and markets of Manipur are flooded with products from South-East-Asian and Far-East Asian counties through Myanmar. However, the opening of land route couldn’t help and engage people of Northeast of India, especially Manipur to r
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Unique Paper ID: 163878

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 10, Issue 11

Page(s): 2855 - 2866
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