|There have been incidents of environmental degradation in the Niger Delta which affects sustainable rural subsistence. Most trigger factors affecting environmental degradation is linked to multinational oil companies and oil resources extraction which usually culminates to conflicts or tensions (Chalecki, 2002) in affected localities. Sustainable subsistence is the way in which people make a living without tainting the ecosystem or natural environment for the future (Carney, 1998).
The study examined triggers of environmental degradation and its implication on sustainable rural subsistence in the Niger Delta. The study adopted the Marxian Political Ecology theory which analyzes the inequality and scrupulous extraction of natural resources. The method of analysis is descriptive and historical with three research hypothesis. The study made use of primary and secondary source of data. Questionnaire was administered to 1,200 heads of rural households. The sample size was derived through the Taro Yamane Statistical tool from three specifically selected states in the Niger Delta. The Main finding of the study showed that the effects of environmental degradation impacts on rural subsistence negatively. Recommendation among others are the institutionalization of Eco- Literacy programmes, participatory rural ecological blueprint for sustainable rural subsistence, multi- stakeholder ecological tracking, ecological accounting and green collaboration involving the federal, State, Local Governments, the multinationals, community based organization (CBO), community leaders and heads of household as alternatives inclusive policy strategies to mitigate unsustainable rural subsistence efforts.