Biogas and Energy Production by Utilization of Different Agricultural Wastes.
JOSHI NEEL, DIPAL PATEL, RAJ THACKER, SAMVEG TURAKHIA, DIXIT PATEL
Sustainable agricultural development and increasing the rate of renewable energy sources have become an economic issue after Hungary joined the EU. Under the present economic conditions the private sector cannot solve in its complexity the problems of environment protection and energy from its own sources. . However, the amount of organic materials currently available for biogas production is limited and new substrates as well as new effective technologies are therefore needed to facilitate the growth of the biogas industry all over the world. Hence, major developments have been made during the last decades regarding the utilization of lignocellulosic biomass, the development of high rate systems, and the application of membrane technologies within the anaerobic digestion process in order to overcome the shortcomings encountered. The degradation oforganic material requires a synchronized action of different groups of microorganisms with different metabolic capacities. Recent developments in molecular biologytechniques have provided the research community with a valuable tool for improved understanding of this complex microbiological system, which in turn could help optimize and control the process in an effective way in the future.