|In the present Indian scenario, there is a huge growing requirement of building materials in India due to the existing housing shortage. As per the current Census estimated urban housing shortage is 19 million, while the housing shortage of rural India is about 44 million units.The National Real Estate Development Council estimates that total housing requirement in India will increase to 114 million units by 2022 from 63 million units as of now.
To meet this challenge, India requires innovative, energy efficient building materials for strong and durable housing in fast track method of construction at affordable cost. The construction of building systems using Glass Fibre Reinforced Gypsum (GFRG) panels is a very promising and emerging building technology.
GFRG buildings can completely avoid cement plastering, and uses much less quantities of steel, cement sand and water compared to conventional buildings. GFRG buildings consume much less embodied energy (less carbon footprint) and recycles industrial waste gypsum, contributing to sustainable development.It has been approved as a green building material by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC).
In this paper we did a detailed study on GFRG Panels which includes dimensions, grade, design and construction of building based on construction manual prepared by IIT Madras to suit Indian situation.The later part deals with analysis of GFRG construction with respect to conventional construction.