Residential Isolation Patterns in Indian Cities
Author(s):
Prof.Laxmaiah, Dr.Nagesh
Keywords:
Caste Separation, Residential Separation, Indian National Census, Caste, Analytic Neighborhood
Abstract
This paper looks at residential Isolation in India’s seven largest cities. We use ward level 2011 census data and the index of dissimilarity to examine the degree of residential Isolation by caste and socioeconomic status in the cities of Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Mumbai. We find high levels of residential Isolation by caste in each city, especially when compared against a baseline measure of residential Isolation by gender. Our analysis additionally suggests that in every city residential Isolation by caste surpasses the level of residential Isolation by socioeconomic status. We compare the level of residential Isolation by caste among cities that have a similar median ward size, because we find a correlation between median ward size and dissimilarity levels across a sample of Indian cities. We create two groups of comparison cities (1) Chennai and Kolkata; (2) Hyderabad, Mumbai, Delhi and Ahmadabad. We are unable to compare Bangalore with another city in our study given its median ward size. In the first comparison, we find that Kolkata (D=0.364) is approximately 19.5 percent more segregated by caste than Chennai (D=0.293). In the second comparison, we find that Ahmadabad (D=0.325) has the highest residential Isolation by caste, followed closely by Delhi (D=0.304), while Mumbai (D=.222) and Hyderabad (D=0.194) are considerably less
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 150187

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 6, Issue 9

Page(s): 169 - 172
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Volume 7 Issue 3

Last Date 25 August 2020

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