Leprosy Disease review
Author(s):
Swapnali S. Dadewad, Sangram U. Deshmukh, Shaymlila B.Bavage, Nandkishor B.Bavage
Keywords:
Epidemiology, Disease transmission, Classification; Clinical diagnosis, Signs and symptoms, treatment
Abstract
Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease. Leprosy is chronic infection and caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It is still endemic in many regions of the world and a public health problem in Brazil. a microorganism that has a predilection for the skin and nerves.M. leprae primarily infects Schwann cells in the peripheral nerves leading to nerve damage and the development of disabilities. The mechanism of transmission of leprosy consists of prolonged close contact between susceptible and genetically predisposed individuals and untreated multibacillary patients. Transmission occurs through inhalation of bacilli present in upper airway secretion. The nasal mucosa is the main entry or exit route of M. leprae. In the last few decades, particularly with the advent of multidrug therapy (MDT) and the use of anti-inflammatory therapies, there have been substantial improvements in long-term health outcomes for individuals diagnosed with HD. Although the worldwide prevalence of this disease has significantly decreased.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 152344

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 8, Issue 3

Page(s): 1 - 6
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Last Date 25 September 2021

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