OIL SPILL DISASTER AND MILITANT UPRISING IN HOST COMMUNITIES: A case study of Khana Local Government Area of Rivers State
Kalu, Chinenye K.
The problem of militancy and violence arising from oil spill disaster in host communities has continued to attract the attention of policy makers, intellectuals, non-governmental organizations, international development agencies and so on. The study set out to examine the issue of oil spill disasters and the attendant militant uprising in Nigeria with a focus on the issue of oil spill compensation and rehabilitation to victims in host communities in an effort to reduce the tide of violence in the region. To achieve this objective, data was collected from 240 respondents within a three months period. The study relied on both primary and secondary source of data collection. The cluster and random sampling technique where used to select participants for the study. The data analysis process involves the use of both qualitative and quantitative methods and in order to achieve this, the chi-square technique was used to establish a relationship between the T – variables i.e. oil spill and militant uprising in host community. Findings reveal that there is a strong link between the activities of oil multinational corporations and the rise of militancy caused by non – adherence to oil spill contingency plan as it affects compensation/ reparation payments to affects persons thereby causing massive destruction to lives and properties in the host communities during conflict. This finding has important implications for both theory and development practices. The study recommends the integration of local cultural peacemaking initiatives that takes into cognizance the real affected victim of a spill disaster in the rehabilitation process and massive infrastructural development as a major step towards the reduction or possible end of militancy notwithstanding the amnesty programme of the federal Government nor the fact that it has recently announced its willingness to implement the United Nation report recommendation on Ogoniland.
Article Details
Unique Paper ID: 147076

Publication Volume & Issue: Volume 5, Issue 4

Page(s): 154 - 163
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